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气象:2007,33(11):101-106
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蓬莱海市蜃楼形成的气象因素季节分布及征兆
(山东省蓬莱阁管理处, 蓬莱 265600)
Climatic Factors, Seasonal Distribution and Indications of Sea Mirage in Penglai
(Penglai Pavilion Management Office, Penglai 265600)
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投稿时间:2007-06-12    修订日期:2007-07-12
中文摘要: 利用1980年以来蓬莱北部海域发生的37次海市蜃楼的数据,探讨了蓬莱海市形成的气象因素 、季节分布及征兆。结果表明:蓬莱一年四季都能出现海市,绝大多数出现在5月上旬至8月 上旬,因其气象条件最易满足海市形成。气层与海水温差达到8.5℃,风力2~4级,湿度较 大,是蓬莱海市出现的必要条件;雨后或雪后天晴,伴有大的潮汐,骤冷骤热的异常气温变 化,是海市出现的征兆。
中文关键词: 海市蜃楼  季节分布  气象要素
Abstract:Climatic factors, seasonal distribution and the indications of sea mirage were d iscussed, based on the 37 sea mirages that took place over 27 years on the North Sea in Penglai. Results indicated that sea mirage may take place in Penglai all the year round, with a high frequency from early May to early August, for this time period had the most suitable climatic conditions. Temperature differences i n the air and sea surface reaching 8.5℃, wind force reaching 2 to 4 on the Bea ufort scale, and high humidity were essential to the occurrences of sea mirage i n Penglai. Fine days after rain or snow, great tide range, and a sharp change in air temperature were the indications of sea mirage in Penglai.
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朱龙,2007.蓬莱海市蜃楼形成的气象因素季节分布及征兆[J].气象,33(11):101-106.
Zhu Long,2007.Climatic Factors, Seasonal Distribution and Indications of Sea Mirage in Penglai[J].Meteor Mon,33(11):101-106.