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气象:2016,42(2):238-245
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江淮对流云人工增雨作业效果检验个例分析
(中国气象科学研究院中国气象局云雾物理重点开放实验室,北京 100081)
Case Study on the Convective Clouds Seeding Effects in Yangtze Huaihe Region
(Key Laboratory for Cloud Physics of China Meteorological Administration,  Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081)
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投稿时间:2015-03-09    修订日期:2015-05-15
中文摘要: 江淮对流云是安徽省夏季开展人工增雨作业的主要作业对象,不同于经过严格试验设计的随机试验,大多采用非随机的地面火箭、高炮或者烟炉的作业方式。由于对流云存在生命期较短局地性强、自然变差较大等特点,对其作业效果进行客观、科学、定量的效果评估存在一定困难。利用安徽省国家级地面气象站降水量日值数据和覆盖目标区的SA多普勒雷达资料,将区域历史回归分析统计检验方法和播云多普勒雷达识别追踪及物理检验方法相结合对2012年6月28—30日江淮对流云增雨作业效果进行个例分析。结果表明,作业后目标区绝对增雨37.2 mm,相对增雨65.18%,统计显著度α<0.1;基于雷达探测基数据识别追踪作业单元,选取合适对比单元,对比分析作业单元与对比单元作业前后雷达回波参量的变化差异给出了对应统计检验结果的物理证据。
Abstract:Convective clouds in Yangtze Huaihe Region are the main seeding objects of precipitation enhancement experiments in Anhui Province in summer. Unrandomized seeding operations are usually adopted using rocket launchers, artilleries or ground generators, rather than the randomized trials through strict test design due to some limited condition. Convective clouds have characteristics of short life span and considerable large local and natural variations, which add great difficulties to the objective, scientific and quantitative evaluation of the operation effects. Based on daily rainfall data of national ground stations of Anhui Province and SA Doppler Radar data of the operation areas, this paper makes a case study on the seeding effects of convective clouds in Yangtze Huaihe Region from 28 to 30 June 2012 with combination of regional historical regression statistical analysis and physical test method using Doppler Radar identification and track of cloud seeding. The results indicate that the rainfall of target area increases 37.2 mm and obtains an enhancement rate of 65.19% after seeding, with a significant level α<0.1. We identify and track seeded units according to the radar data, define appropriate control units and then compare the radar echo parameters of seeded units and control units before and after operation to give physical evidence of the operation effects.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金面上项目(41375135)及公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201306040和GYHY201406033)共同资助
引用文本:
贾烁,姚展予,2016.江淮对流云人工增雨作业效果检验个例分析[J].气象,42(2):238-245.
JIA Shuo,YAO Zhanyu,2016.Case Study on the Convective Clouds Seeding Effects in Yangtze Huaihe Region[J].Meteor Mon,42(2):238-245.