###
气象:2014,40(11):1380-1388
本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
三体散射长钉(TBSS)在C波段雷达中的应用研究
(1 云南省普洱市气象局,普洱 665000;2 江苏省气象科学研究所,南京 210008)
The Application Research of Three Body Scatter Spike (TBSS) in C Band Weather Radar
(1 Puer Meteorological Office of Yannan Province, Puer 665000;2 Jiangsu Provincial Institute of Meteorological Science, Nanjing 210008)
摘要
图/表
参考文献
相似文献
本文已被:浏览 1679次   下载 1261
投稿时间:2014-01-10    修订日期:2014-04-16
中文摘要: 利用普洱CIND3830 CC天气雷达资料、地面观测资料进行统计分析,研究2004—2013年普洱C波段天气雷达中27次三体散射长钉(TBSS)的统计特征、地面降雹与TBSS的对应关系,并对TBSS在冰雹预警方面的应用进行探讨,结果表明:(1)C波段雷达中,产生TBSS的回波的反射率因子范围为55.0~68.4 dBz,70%的TBSS出现在反射率因子≥60 dBz时。(2)TBSS的维持时间为10~79 min,63%的TBSS维持时间超过20 min。(3)TBSS一般出现在4.0~9.5 km,最低出现在2.6 km,最高出现在11.4 km。(4)TBSS长5.6~22.4 km,宽1.5~14.6 km,TBSS宽度与强回波区径向外侧的60 dBz以上回波的面积成正比,但TBSS的长度与反射率因子核心的强度和宽度无明显对应关系。(5)出现TBSS时,59%的回波出现了降雹,11%的回波出现了强冰雹。(6)出现TBSS且出现降雹的过程中,TBSS预报冰雹的时间提前量为5~100 min,平均为34.5 min。(7)在出现TBSS且出现降雹的过程中,TBSS的宽度与冰雹的大小或降雹密度成正比。此外,分析了出现TBSS但未降雹的原因,找出了TBSS配合垂直液态水含量密度(DVIL)和45 dBz伸展高度、TBSS配合回波宽度和45 dBz伸展高度的预报冰雹的方法,在出现TBSS特征的回波中,上述方法的预报准确率分别达89%和94%(临界成功指数为0.89和0.94)。
Abstract:Based on the CIND3830 CC weather radar data and surface observational data in Puer City, this study reports the statistical characteristics of 27 times of three body scatter Spike (TBSS) in C band weather radar from 2004-2013, the corresponding relation between hails shooting on the ground and TBSS as well as the application of TBSS in hailstorm warning. The results are as follows: (1) The reflectivity range of TBSS echo is 55.0-68.4 dBz, and 70% TBSS appears when reflectivity factor is ≥ 60 dBz. (2) TBSS maintaining time is 10-79 min, and 63% is above 20 min. (3) TBSS usually happens in the height of 4.0-9.5 km, and the minimum/maximum height is 2.6 km/11.4 km. (4) TBSS is 5.6-22.4 km in length, and 1.5-14.6 km in width. The width of TBSS is proportional to the area of echo (at least 60 dBz) along the radially lateral direction, but the length does not have clear correspondence with the reflectivity factor. (5) Hailstorm weather happens in the case of 59% echoes with the occurrence of TBSS. The severe hail appears in 11% of the radar echo. (6) Hailstorm forecasting time by TBSS is 5-100 min in advance, 34.5 min on average when TBSS and hailstorm appear together. (7) When TBSS and hailstorm both happen, the width of TBSS is proportional to the size or density of hailstorm. Furthermore, the reason that TBSS appears but hailstorm does not come down simultaneously is discussed, and the forecasting hailstorm methods, with the accuracy of 89% and 94% respectively, are also found out by using TBSS combining DVIL and 45 dBz strong echo height or TBSS combining echo breadth and 45 dBz strong echo height (Critical Success Index are 0.89 and 0.94).
文章编号:     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201006004和GYHY201306025),中国气象局预报员专项 (CMAYBY2013 063)及云南省科技惠民计划(2014RA002)共同资助
引用文本:
王晓君,夏文梅,段鹤,王秀英,2014.三体散射长钉(TBSS)在C波段雷达中的应用研究[J].气象,40(11):1380-1388.
WANG Xiaojun,XIA Wenmei,DUAN He,WANG Xiuying,2014.The Application Research of Three Body Scatter Spike (TBSS) in C Band Weather Radar[J].Meteor Mon,40(11):1380-1388.