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气象:2014,40(3):261-268
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气象服务发展框架、方向与青年人的参与——基于WMO气象服务相关战略及计划的分析与思考
(世界气象组织天气与减灾服务司, 日内瓦 瑞士)
Framework of Meteorological Service Development and Young People’s Duty——Analysis and Thinking Based on WMO Weather Service Strategies and Programs
(Weather and Disaster Risk Reduction Services, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, Switzerland)
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投稿时间:2014-02-19    修订日期:2014-02-24
中文摘要: 本文以综合分析世界气象组织(World Meteorological Organization, WMO)气象服务发展战略的实施、相关计划活动的组织以及有关国家气象部门的成功示范为基础,结合近一段时间参与未来气象服务战略的制定与推动工作的实践,从五个方面阐述了其发展方向、主要内涵与重点。其中包括:(1)关于WMO气象服务战略及实施的思路;(2)强化与促进在政府应急管理(ERA)和防灾减灾(DRR),构建社会抗灾能力(Resilience)中作用的发挥;(3)鼓励与推动建设气候服务用户交互平台(UIP)与综合天气、气候、水和环境相关服务系统的实践;(4)鼓励与指导以无缝隙业务技术[各种专业领域如海洋气象、各类预报预测技术(次季节 季节预测技术)等]为支撑的新型服务业务的发展;(5)鼓励与推动构建智慧(Smart)型公共服务体系的建设。重点论述如何充分应用现代信息网络与通信技术,建立智能化信息平台,通过气象信息提供方式的变化,增强信息提供的技术含量及提供的个性化与互动能力;发挥社会资源及媒体在气象服务中的重要作用与积极作用;体现“以人为本”,关注健康、关注环境、关注出行、关注安全等的理念,实现气象服务社会价值,体现气象服务群体的社会责任等内容。与此同时,本文还从青年人的担当与责任的角度,阐述了(1)青年人的社会责任,勇当服务先进文化的践行者;(2)努力学习,积极创新,做好应用气象的技术准备与技能储备,发挥好新型服务的主力军作用;(3)勇于创业,在未来政府气象管理、社会化、市场化气象服务中建功立业;阐明了对如何发挥青年人在新型气象服务社会架构中的作用的意见。
Abstract:Based on the comprehensive analyses on the implementation of WMO weather service development strategies, the organization of related planned activities and the successful cases of some related countries as well as author’s late experience of joining in the drafting of future weather service strategy and the practice of promotion, this paper states its developing trend, main content and key points from 5 aspects, which includes: (1) the strategy and implementing thinking of WMO weather services; (2) strengthening and enhancing the role that government plays in Emergency Response Action (ERA) and Disaster Risk Resilience (DRR), and the construction of society’s resilience to disasters; (3) encouraging and pushing forward the operation of building the User Interface Platform (UIP) of climate service and the service systems related to integrated weather, climate, water and environment; (4) encouraging and directing the development of new service operations which are supported by seamless operational technologies (e.g. various specific fields like marine meteorology, all kinds of predicting and forecasting technologies such as subseasonal seasonal prediction technique etc.); and (5) encouraging and promoting the construction of Smart public weather service system. In addition, this paper emphatically discusses how to use the modern information network and communication technology to establish intelligent information platform and to strengthen the technical content, individuation and interaction ability of the supplied weather information through the change of supplying ways for meteorological information to cause social resources and mass media to play important and active roles in meteorological services. Weather service should reflect the People oriented idea, caring for people’s health, trips, safety and environment, realizing the social values of weather services and showing the social responsibility of the served groups. Meanwhile, this paper also discusses young people's duties, describing their social responsibilities, encouraging them to make innovation actively and get ready for meteorological services technically for they are the main force in the new types of services. Also, this paper demonstrates the opinion for young people to play a part in the social structure of the new type meteorological services.
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基金项目:公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201206042)资助
引用文本:
汤绪,2014.气象服务发展框架、方向与青年人的参与——基于WMO气象服务相关战略及计划的分析与思考[J].气象,40(3):261-268.
TANG Xu,2014.Framework of Meteorological Service Development and Young People’s Duty——Analysis and Thinking Based on WMO Weather Service Strategies and Programs[J].Meteor Mon,40(3):261-268.