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气象:2012,38(2):155-163
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西南低涡研究综述
Review of the Southwest Vortex Research
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投稿时间:2011-05-19    修订日期:2011-08-16
中文摘要: 西南低涡是影响我国降水的重要天气系统之一。最初对于西南低涡的研究可以追溯到20世纪40年代前后。文章主要回顾近半个世纪以来有关西南低涡活动及结构特征,西南低涡形成维持机制,西南低涡发展东移机制等方面的研究成果。在此基础上,指出研究存在的不足, 如对西南低涡的云系特征和雷达回波特征的认识,不同尺度系统之间的相互作用对西南低涡发生发展的影响,大气边界层过程如何影响西南低涡发生发展,西南低涡活动异常机理的研究等,以便进一步深入开展西南低涡的研究,提高对此类天气影响系统的认识。
Abstract:Southwest vortex is one of the main rainfall weather systems in China. The research on southwest vortex can be traced back to about forty years in the twentieth century. First, the review of southwest vortex research on its activities, structures, mechanisms of forming, maintaining and eastwards moving has been presented in the last half century. Then, in order to deepen the research on the southwest vortex and to heighten the understanding of weather systems such as southwest vortex, there are some deficiencies to be pointed out, such as the understanding of southwest vortex cloud system and radar echo characteristics, the effects of systems at different scales on southwest vortex forming and developing, the impact of atmospheric boundary layer on the vortex forming and developing, the study on abnormity mechanics of southwest vortex activities and so on.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(40775032,40965004)和中国气象局成都高原气象研究所科研专项经费(西南低涡研究项目)共同资助
引用文本:
何光碧,2012.西南低涡研究综述[J].气象,38(2):155-163.
He Guangbi,2012.Review of the Southwest Vortex Research[J].Meteor Mon,38(2):155-163.