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气象:2001,27(9):9-12
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能量与水分循环——气候研究的热点
(国家气候中心,北京 100081)
Energy and Water Cycle: The Research Focus on Climatology
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中文摘要: 主要介绍了能量与水分循环研究的关键科学问题,并介绍了近年来国际和国内开展的一系列大型科学试验计划。这些计划都是以开展大尺度水循环过程、陆面水循环过程、云与降水过程的观测试验为生长点,以分析、了解、模拟大气-陆地-海表的水分和热量交换及循环为研究基础,旨在进一步弄清气候变暖的物理成因和未来气候变化趋势;弄清中国、日本等东亚国家的旱涝形成机理;建立相应的气候模式,提出新的预报方法,从而实现较准确地预测气候变化和大尺度灾害性天气,合理调配水资源之目的.
Abstract:The large scientific experiments for the process of the energy and water cycle are introduced. It is more and more clear that the study for the process of the energy and water cycle is the research focus on climatology henceforth. The arm of experiments is to further understand the physical process of the climatic changes e.g. The green house effect by simulation and analysis of the heat/water exchange among air land ocean. The experiments can be expected for solving the problem about the forecast floods and drought around East Asia.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(项目号49794030)资助
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引用文本:
张雁,2001.能量与水分循环——气候研究的热点[J].气象,27(9):9-12.
,2001.Energy and Water Cycle: The Research Focus on Climatology[J].Meteor Mon,27(9):9-12.