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气象:1994,20(12):9-18
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气候模拟研究进展
(北京大学地球物理系 100871)
Advances in the Studies on the Climatic Simulation
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中文摘要: 概括地回顾了大约40年来气候模拟研究的发展过程。指出根据研究的目标可以分为三个阶段:模拟大气平均状况、敏感性实验及气候变率的模拟。着重总结了近年来气候变率模拟的最新成果,包括对印度夏季风降水、萨赫勒干旱、气候变率、世界三大涛动、ENSO循环及中国旱涝型的模拟研究。
中文关键词: 气候,模拟,研究
Abstract:Studies on the climatic simulation are reviewed. Three stages are identified according to the objectives of the studies,simulation of normal regime of the climate,sensitivity experiments,and simulation of climatic variability. Simulation studies of climatic variability during the last decade were synthesized. Simulation results on the following subjects are discussed;Indian summer monsoon rainfall, drought in Sahel,climatic variability, world atmospheric circulation oscillations, ENSO cyele and drought/flood patterns in China.
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引用文本:
王绍武,1994.气候模拟研究进展[J].气象,20(12):9-18.
,1994.Advances in the Studies on the Climatic Simulation[J].Meteor Mon,20(12):9-18.