The annual mean temperature was higher than normal, and the annual mean precipitation was more than normal during 2005. There was no extensive, long-time serious drought, the drought was lighter than normal, except that autumn-winter-spring continuous drought in the southern South China, most serious spring drought in recent 50 years in Yunnan, summer-autumn continuous drought in the northeastern Northwest China and Inner-Mongolia, and autumn significant drought in Jiangxi and the western South China. Rainstorm and flood disasters were more serious than normal year in flood season, e.g. the Xijiang River, the Minjiang River and the Huaihe River watershed and Hubei, Sichuan, Liaoning provinces, serious autumn flood occurred in Weihe River and Hanjiang River watershed. 8 typhoons (including tropical storm) landed on China in 2005, with the characteristics of high intensity, extensity and heavy losses, and it was the second most serious year in losses by typhoon since 1995, only less than that in 1996. Gale and hailstorm, cyclone and thunderstorm, with the serious losses, also frequently occurred in parts of China, by which caused losses were heavier than normal, but lighter than last year. In addition, low temperature chilling and snowstorm occurred in South China at the beginning of the year, and heavy snowstorm hit Shandong Province at the end of the year. The number of spring sand-dust day was the least in recent 50 years.