ISSN 1000-0526
CN 11-2282/P

Volume 23,Issue 6,1997 Table of Contents

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  • Abstract List
  • 1  An Experiment of Simulating Convective Precipitation withCumulus Parameters and NWP Products
    于志良 刘文
    1997, 23(6):3-7. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.001
    [Abstract](438) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.25 M](531)
    Abstract:
    Based on parameterization of cumulus and saturation moist static energy conservation principle in moist adiabatic process,by means of Clapeyron equation transformation,the cumulus parameters such as vapour of forming cumulus,the ratio of cumulus area and so on are calculated using partial realtime data and numerical weather forecast products.Furtherly,the convective precipitation is calculated by model.With empirical correction to the calculated value,the experimental forecast formula of convective precipitation is established,and the forecast result is quite good.
    2  A Simple Technique to Analyse Cross-Section Charts
    陈忠明 缪强
    1997, 23(6):8-12. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.06.002
    [Abstract](429) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.76 M](522)
    Abstract:
    Based on continuity of meteorological fields,a simple technique to analyse crosssection charts is proposed with the aid of results in Chen(1996).The technique has much more superiority and much better reliablity than the traditional,and is specially suitable to diagnose structure of weather systems.
    3  Climate Background and Flowoff Features duringthe Damming Period in Sanxia Area
    杨贤为 鞠笑声 王有民
    1997, 23(6):13-18. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.003
    [Abstract](381) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.42 M](586)
    Abstract:
    Based on the daily meteorological data in the recent 40-year and the flow-off data for more than one hundred,the climate features during the damming period in Sanxia area and the variabilities of the weather element,such as temperature,precipitation,wind and weather phenomenon,which would affect the engineering procedures,are analysed in detail.The statistical relationship between the streamflow at dam site during the damming period and precipitation for previous period in the upper reserivor area,and then the longterm forecast model of streamflow are established.
    4  A Study of the Beginning Time of Flood Seasons and theFeatures of the Heavy Rain in Sanxia Reservoir Region
    韩曙晔 章淹 游性恬 王梅华
    1997, 23(6):19-23. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.06.004
    [Abstract](583) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.27 M](554)
    Abstract:
    The climatic features of the beginning time of flood seasons in the Sanxia reservoir region from 1961 to 1994 is analyzed in detail.The dates of the beginning time of flood seasons in the reservoir region are compared with those in the middle and lower reach of the Yangtze River.It is found that they are almost synchronous on the whole.In addition,the times and the spatialtemporal distribution of all kinds and levels of heavy rain in the reservoir region are investigated.The results show that the number of days of heavy rain in the eastern part of the region is more than those in the western part on average.
    5  An Analysis of the Atmospheric Circulation Patternfor the First-Time Heavy Rain in Springin the Upper-Middle Reaches of Changjiang
    游性恬 韩曙晔 王梅华
    1997, 23(6):24-27. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.005
    [Abstract](392) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.78 M](584)
    Abstract:
    The dates and atmospheric circulation patterns of the heavy rain in spring were investigated based on data during 34 years from 1961 to 1994.It is found that the firsttime heavy rains in spring mostly (about 80%) occur in April;two necessary conditions for the heavy rain are that:the synoptic depression system appears in east of Tibet Plateau and a cold air mass,which moves from Siberia,intrudes into the depression system.
    6  Analysis of Heavy Fog over Sanxia Dam Area on Changjiang
    陈乾金 江滢 王丽华
    1997, 23(6):28-32. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.006
    [Abstract](764) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.66 M](655)
    Abstract:
    The Characteristics of heavy fog over Sanxia on Changjiang River and the optimum ensured ratio in period of damming the river or constrution are analysed based on the recent longterm data in Yichang station,which provided the important reference evidences for Sanxia Dam project.
    7  On Air Temperature Conditions Impacting onWinter Construction for the Sanxia Project
    李晓燕 翟盘茂
    1997, 23(6):33-36. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.007
    [Abstract](482) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.61 M](639)
    Abstract:
    Based on 34 years daily meteorological data from Yichang station in Hubei Province,the low temperature condition and winter construction period of Sanxia dam area were analysed.The result shows that the low temperature days and winter construction period in Yichang exhibited very obvious interannual variation.This provides background for winter temperature prediction and preparation for the Sanxia Project.
    8  A Distinct Increase of Rainfall Amount in June inNorthwest China in Recent 30 Years
    王宝灵
    1997, 23(6):37-39. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.008
    [Abstract](374) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.18 M](613)
    Abstract:
    Using the monthly rainfall data in 89 stations in Northwest China from 1961 to 1990,the interannual and decadal change of precipitation are investigated.It is shown that in recent 30 years there exists a distinct increase of rainfall in June in this region.
    9  The Short-term Climatic Analysis of Snow Disasterover the Tibetan Plateau in Winter 1995/1996
    陈兴芳
    1997, 23(6):40-43. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.009
    [Abstract](621) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.58 M](576)
    Abstract:
    The characteristic of precipitation and atmosphere circulation for snow disaster over the eastern part of Tibetan plateau in winter 1995/1996 are analysed.Also the relationship between the climatic oscillation of the precipitation over the Tibet and atmosphere circulation background is discussed.The analysis result shows that there exists a tendency of increase of the snow disaster and precipitation in winter from 1960—1970 to 1980—1990.
    10  Time and Space Structure Analysis of the North GulfDepression Strengthening to Be Tropical Storm
    段丽
    1997, 23(6):44-48. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.010
    [Abstract](462) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.02 M](586)
    Abstract:
    With dynamical analysis,the paper focuses the time and space condition and physics mechanism about the North Gulf depression strengthening to be tropical storm.The upper and lower situation characteristics and space structure are discussed.By means of calculation and analysis of diagnosis field,the results reveal the dynamical field and vapour distribution feature at levels.The viewpoint of the shortterm forecast of the North Gulf depression strengthening to be tropical storm is given.
    11  Estimating Rainfall with ParameterizationMethod for Single Cumulus Cloud
    王治平 刘耀宗
    1997, 23(6):49-52. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.011
    [Abstract](416) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.86 M](570)
    Abstract:
    The univariate and bivariate regression analysis between the radar echo and the rainfall parameters of single cumulus is presented.The analyysis results show that correlations between amount,intensity and persistence of the precipitation and top high and area of the radar echo are well consistent.The precipitation estimates using the regression method are accurate,and the calculation is simple.
    12  A Preliminary Study of Water Influence on Crop Development Stages
    张建华 李迎春
    1997, 23(6):53-56. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1997.6.012
    [Abstract](455) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.84 M](580)
    Abstract:
    Water is an important factor of influence on crop development.Based on the field experiments,the impacts of drought treatment with different timing on the crop development stages is studied.The experiment shows that the results are significant in the guidance of field irrigation,in the saving of water,in the regulation of crop development stages and in the improvement of crop yield and quality.

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