ISSN 1000-0526
CN 11-2282/P

Volume 22,Issue 10,1996 Table of Contents

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  • 1  Study on the Complex Index of the Drought Disaster
    宫德吉 郝慕玲 侯琼
    1996, 22(10):3-7. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.001
    [Abstract](403) [HTML](0) [PDF 328.34 K](485)
    Abstract:
    The mainly factors of the drought causing disaster are analysed. The results show that the drought disaster occurring mostly depends on the states of the crop water requirement and the environment water supply. The precipitation variability,the water store in soil layers,the crop response on rainfall deficit in the different growing period and hum.an activity influence on the drought disaster. Because the crop sensibility to water in the growing periods are different, the complex evaluation is conducted according to the rainfall deficit, the deficient duration and the crop sensibility to water during the deficient rainfall. The complex index evaluating the drought disaster is also given.
    2  An Analysis on Jump of "5. 5" Sandstorm in Gansu Province
    朱姝 周亚军
    1996, 22(10):8-12. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.002
    [Abstract](398) [HTML](0) [PDF 310.99 K](503)
    Abstract:
    The subject is to study an example of special sandstorm occurred in Gansu province viith recursive similarity. The jump was defined as the level that the preceding numbers of R data could not completely describe the present state. The results indicated that every element violent wave at 16 o'clock was not the larger jump value in recursive similarity,the larger values were occurred before 16 o'clock. At last,The formal abrupt and essential abrupt were presented.
    3  A Processing System for Greenness Image of NOAA/AVHRR
    李登科
    1996, 22(10):13-18. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.003
    [Abstract](489) [HTML](0) [PDF 386.25 K](456)
    Abstract:
    Greenness image of NOAA/AVHRR is the base and its processing is the key technology of crop yield estimation with remote sensing. A new edition of Greenness Image Processing System (GPS2. 0) is developed to innovate its software. A brief presentation to GPS2.0's overall design, running environment,functions and methods of processing greenness image is also given.
    4  Choice of Video Installation for Processing System of Provincial and Local Televised
    徐春生
    1996, 22(10):19-22. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.004
    [Abstract](392) [HTML](0) [PDF 247.00 K](486)
    Abstract:
    By Analysing and comparing the advantages and shortcomings of traditional Video Preparation System, Tape Digital Preparation System and Multimedia System, this article puts forward the proposal of how to choose the installation in provincial and local weather forecast processing system.
    5  Atmosphere-Ocean Characteristics in the Tropical Pacific Regions in 1995
    陈乾金
    1996, 22(10):23-26. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.005
    [Abstract](366) [HTML](0) [PDF 319.88 K](475)
    Abstract:
    The distribution and Variation Characteristics of the Sea level, Southern Oscillation Index the zonal wind in lower and higher level, the outgoing long-wave radiation, the Sea temperature were analysed based on the recent data of National Climate Center in China, Climate Analysis Center U. S. and Nation Climate Center Australia. It provides atmaspheric-ocean background for the short-range climatic prediction.
    6  The Statistics Characteristics for Sunshine Change in the Recent fourty Years in Neijiang Municipality
    谭友邦 谢利娟
    1996, 22(10):27-30. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.006
    [Abstract](556) [HTML](0) [PDF 212.41 K](528)
    Abstract:
    Utilizing the data of the monthly sunshine hours in Neijiang stations in 1960—1995, the change characteristics of the sunshine hours about recent fourty years in Neijiang municipality are analysed, and the sunshine average hours in the area is decreasing at the trend rate of —46.98 hours/10 years. This kind of tendency appears mainly in winter and Summer Meantime, it was pointed out that the sudden change of sunshine hours occured in Neijiang in 1980,and then there is a relative less hours period.
    7  The Usage of Composite Similarity in Short-range Forecast of Heavy Rain
    刘勇
    1996, 22(10):31-34. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.007
    [Abstract](449) [HTML](0) [PDF 245.88 K](457)
    Abstract:
    Selected 586 cases producing shaanxi heavy rain weather during April to Nevember in 1961—1988 ,every case is summarized to a series rain index and a similarity historical sample,using the expert forecasting experiences and multivariate similarity, the short-range heavy rain of shaanxi in limited erea is forecasted. The accuracy of forecasting can reach to 78% during July to August in 1989.
    8  The Characteristics of Rainfall Clouds and the Evaluation of Artificial Precipitation Enhancement Potency in the Coastland of Shandong Province
    张连云 王以琳 龚佃利
    1996, 22(10):35-38. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.008
    [Abstract](444) [HTML](0) [PDF 290.40 K](479)
    Abstract:
    The characteristics of rainfall,macro-physical parameters of cloud and the relations of cloud and rainfall are studied. The precipitation enhancement potencies of main weather systems range from 42. 55% to 68. 79%. Elaborated, also is the possibility of exploiting cloud-water resources by rain-making with aircraft. The scientific verification for cloud seeding in the coastland of Shandong province are provided by the analysis of water vapor vertical distribution.
    9  The Maintenance and Improvement of RS-1 Airborne Agl Generator
    卢玩顺 李培仁 韩淑云
    1996, 22(10):39-41. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.009
    [Abstract](395) [HTML](0) [PDF 189.95 K](476)
    Abstract:
    The basic construction and principle of RS-1 airborne AgI generator is described. The maintain methods of the generator units are given. The electric road of the controller is improved.
    10  The Primary Study on the Field Calibration of Neutron Soil Moisture Meter
    康桂红
    1996, 22(10):42-43. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.010
    [Abstract](363) [HTML](0) [PDF 119.98 K](444)
    Abstract:
    In the Agriculture Meteorological Rule, it was prescribed that the field calibration must be done before the soil moisture is measured by the Neutron Soil Moisture Meter. It was found in practice that calibration method is very difficult and has a time limitation and objective error. The questions can best be solved with dividing calibration time and changing calibration place.
    11  The Proper Operating Methods and Daily Maintenance for Microcomputer System
    张明举
    1996, 22(10):44-47. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.011
    [Abstract](448) [HTML](0) [PDF 225.02 K](511)
    Abstract:
    In order to guarantee the long term operation of microcomputer system reliably and stably, the maintenance methods are discussed,e. g. keeping good environmental conditions,being familiar with the correct usage and taking good care of the machine daily.
    12  An Analysis on Introducing the Super-ear Wheat Variety to Shandong Province
    范里驹
    1996, 22(10):48-50. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.012
    [Abstract](365) [HTML](0) [PDF 249.12 K](450)
    Abstract:
    By use of 45 stations data in Shandong Province and in the centre of Shaanxi Province and the Euclidean distance method,the agroclimatic analogue diagnosis of introduced variety of winter wheat was conducted,the results showed:a)the super-ear wheat varieties can be introduced directly from the central section in Shaanxi Province in the most of Shandong Province:b) because of planting wintriness and semi-wintriness wheat varieties in Shandong,the super-ear wheat variety from Xianyang may be planted in warm winter years, to avoide freezing injury and give the high yield superiority.
    13  A Spline Regression Model on the Leaf Age with the Accumulated Effective Temperature for Winter Wheat in Xuhuai Region of Jiangsu Province
    武金岗 高苹 汤志成 陶炳炎
    1996, 22(10):51-53. DOI: 10.7519/j.issn.1000-0526.1996.10.013
    [Abstract](391) [HTML](0) [PDF 165.35 K](456)
    Abstract:
    A spline regression model was used to describe the relationship between the leaf age and the accumulated effective temperature, based on analysing the change of leaf age of winter wheat during the pre-and post-overwinter period. Interpolation of leaf age data was made and the optimal seeding date was decided with this model.

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