The climatic charaters of chilling damage in autumn in South China are analysed with the observations at 48 stations, September to October, 1951-1990. The results show that the mean frequency of chilling damage decreases from north to south and increases from coast to inland in South China. Continuous time of the chilling damage process shortens rapidly from north to south in the area. The number of strong chilling damage year was 9 year (1951-1990). However, less of them occurred from 1951 to 1965 and most of them happened during 1966-1980.