Monitoring and Diagnosis of the 2015/2016 Super El Ni〖AKn~D〗o Event
Based on the current standard of National Climate Centre, China Meteorological Administration, the recent status and evolution of the 2015/2016 El Ni〖AKn~D〗o event are introduced and compared to the 1982/1983 and 1997/1998 El Ni〖AKn~D〗o events. Monitoring results show that the 2015/2016 El Ni〖AKn~D〗o event is the third super El Ni〖AKn~D〗o event since 1951 after the 1982/1983 and 1997/1998 events, and it exceeded the former two super events based on the index of duration, peak intensity, accumulated SSTA and the months in which SSTA consecutively exceeds 2.0℃. The several westerly bursts over the equatorial centralwestern Pacific drove the eastward propagation of the anomalous warm subSST, resulting in the development of the El Ni〖AKn~D〗o event. The intensity of the warm SSTA center in the peak period of 2015/2016 event is weaker, and the range is smaller than the former two super El Ni〖AKn~D〗o events, so is the intensity of the anomalous westerly in the westerly bursts.