The chief climate characteristics in 2001 are showed as follows: in most areas, the annual precipitation was less than or near the normal. Droughts appeared in varying degrees in the seasons, especially the spring through summer drought in the northern part of China, and the summer drought in the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang River, and the autumn drought in the eastern part of China. The droughts heavily influenced the agricultural production. In the flood season, no heavy rainfall and floods happened in extensive regions. In fall, continuous rain appeared in the eastern part of Southwest China evidently. Annual mean temperature was higher than normal in most areas,the unusual severe winter appeared in Northeast China, and the scorching days appeared continuously in most areas in summer. The typhoons landed more than normal,the windy and dusty weather appeared earlier and frequent, the severe snow disaster occurred in Xingjiang and Inner Monglia provinces, strong convectional weather such as hails and tornadoes occurred near the normal.