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气象:2014,40(2):234-237
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地面气象观测中结冰自动化观测的研究
(1.成都信息工程学院电子工程学院,成都 610225;2.北京市观象台,北京 100089;3.中国气象局气象探测中心,北京 100081)
Research on Icing Automation Observation in Ground Meteorological Observation
(1.Department of Electronic Engineering, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225;2.Beijing Weather Observatory, Beijing 100089;3.CMA Meteorological Observation Centre, Beijing 100081)
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投稿时间:2012-12-30    修订日期:2013-05-05
中文摘要: 在地面气象观测业务中一般采取人工观测判断结冰现象是否发生。为了提高结冰观测的工作效率,结冰自动化观测已经成为必然的趋势。文章介绍一种新的结冰自动化观测装置,通过检测结冰过程中由于潜热释放引起的温度突变上升过程,判断结冰现象的发生,实现结冰自动化观测。结合结冰温度观测数据对结冰过程中各个阶段特征进行分析,并与人工观测的结果进行对比,结果表明结冰自动化观测装置能够比较准确地实现结冰现象的检测,具有一定的实际应用价值。
Abstract:In the ground meteorological observation, it generally takes artificial observation to judge whether icing phenomenon occurs. In order to improve the efficiency of icing observation, automation of icing observation has become an inevitable trend. This paper introduces a new automatic observation device for icing through detecting the sudden rise process of temperature that is caused by latent heat release in the icing process, and judges the occurrence of icing phenomenon to realize the automation of icing observation. Combined with temperature observation data, characteristics of each stage in the icing process are analyzed as well. Compared with the artificial icing observation results, it is concluded that the automation observation device for icing can accurately observe icing phenomenon.
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基金项目:公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200906032)资助
引用文本:
蒲晓虎,张春波,马舒庆,杨玲,梁丽,2014.地面气象观测中结冰自动化观测的研究[J].气象,40(2):234-237.
PU Xiaohu,ZHANG Chunbo,MA Shuqing,YANG Ling,LIANG Li,2014.Research on Icing Automation Observation in Ground Meteorological Observation[J].Meteor Mon,40(2):234-237.