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气象:2014,40(2):216-222
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基于地基微波辐射计资料对咸宁两次冰雹天气的观测分析
(1.中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室,北京 100081;2.中国气象局武汉暴雨研究所暴雨监测预警湖北省重点实验室,武汉 430074)
Analysis on Two Hailstorm Events in Xianning Based on Observations of Ground Based Microwave Radiometer
(1.State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081;2.Hubei Key Laboratory for Heavy Rain Monitoring and Warning Research, Institute of Heavy Rain, China Meteorological Administration,Wuhan 430074;3.Hubei Key Laboratory for Heavy Rain Monitoring and Warning Research, Institute of Heavy Rain, China Meteorological Administration,Wuhan 430074)
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投稿时间:2012-11-05    修订日期:2013-09-17
中文摘要: 利用地基微波辐射计观测资料,对两次冰雹过程进行观测分析。结果表明:中低层暖湿气流输送、中层干冷空气侵入,在0~10 km形成“上干、下湿”2层垂直分布结构。低层的感热和潜热随上升气流向上输送,2~3 km层明显增温,0、-5和-20℃层略微上升。同时,低层水汽也随上升气流向上输送,降雹前大气液态水总含量(ILW,下同)和大气水汽总含量(IWV,下同)及过冷水含量快速增长。水汽经过冷层后,冰晶增多增大。当冰晶增大落入0℃以上区融化层时,冰晶融化导致液态水增加,一部分形成冰雹或地面降水,导致降雹之后ILW、IWV及0℃以下液态水含量减小。上述结论对冰雹的预警有一定指示意义。
Abstract:Using ground based microwave radiometer observation data, two hailstorm cases that happened in Xianning of Hubei Province on 26 February 2009 and 12 April 2010 are analyzed. The results show that low level warm air transportation and mid level dry cold air intrusion contributes to the “upper dry and lower wet” 2 layer vertical structure of 0-10 km relative humidity. The updraft transports upward sensible heat and latent heat of the low level, resulting in the significant warming of 2-3 km layer, and the slight rising of 0, -5 and -20℃ layers. As the low level moisture is rising up, ILW, IWV and super cooled water grow rapidly before the hail. After the wet vapor goes through the cold layer, the ice crystals increase. When the ice crystals increase and fall into the area above 0℃ melting layer, the ice crystals are melted, leading to an increase in liquid water, and part of the water becomes hails or surface precipitation, so that the ILW, IWV and liquid water content below 0℃ decrease after hails. The above conclusion is of some significance to the early warning of hails.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41205086)、灾害天气国家重点实验室基金(2013LASW A02)和公益性行业(气象)行业专项(GYHY201306012和GYHY201306059)共同资助
引用文本:
黄治勇,徐桂荣,王晓芳,唐永兰,2014.基于地基微波辐射计资料对咸宁两次冰雹天气的观测分析[J].气象,40(2):216-222.
HUANG Zhiyong,XU Guirong,WANG Xiaofang,TANG Yonglan,2014.Analysis on Two Hailstorm Events in Xianning Based on Observations of Ground Based Microwave Radiometer[J].Meteor Mon,40(2):216-222.