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气象:2001,27(11):47-51
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天气舒适度的分析和应用
(广东省中山市气象台,528401)
Analysis and Application of Comfort Index
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中文摘要: 人体舒适度的研究侧重于为人们提供一种服务,使人们能从感性上了解天气,从而有效地指导公众的生活和工作。在对多种舒适度指标进行比较分析的基础上选择出有效温度作为衡量舒适度的主要工具,并对它作了适当的修正。针对广东省中山市的气候特点将平均有效温度划分为9级。近一年的试用收到较好的效果。此外当白天平均、最低、最高有效温度以及湿度、风力异常时,应用程序也会输出必要的信息,从而给公众以详细的天气说明。
Abstract:Human beings are subject to comprehensive influence of various meteorological elements.Quantitative description of man′s perception of weather makes it necessary to study comfort index,whereby to better serve the public.A study is done on comfort accordind to the weather conditions in Zhongshan,Guangdong.As a result of the comparative study of various comfort indexes,effective temperature (ET) is taken as the criterion for the judgement of comfort.In order to accurately depict man′s overall perception of weather,daily mean effective temperature (MEP) is calculated according to daily average states of various meteorological elements,which is then grouped into one of the nine categories.Analysis of daily mean effective temperature over the past year indicates that such a classification is satisfactory.Apart from MEP,corresponding ETs are also calculated separately for the periods of time when the highest and lowest temperatures are observed.Our program reacts satisfactorily when abnormalities occur in temperature,humidity,and wind force,thus giving the public necessary detailed description.The program has proved satisfactory in application.
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引用文本:
黄静,2001.天气舒适度的分析和应用[J].气象,27(11):47-51.
,2001.Analysis and Application of Comfort Index[J].Meteor Mon,27(11):47-51.