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气象:2022,48(8):945-962
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我国人工增雨作业效果定量评估研究综述
王飞,李集明,姚展予,李德泉,李建军
(中国气象局云雾物理环境重点开放实验室,北京 100081; 中国气象科学研究院灾害天气国家重点实验室,北京 100081; 三维时空软件股份有限公司,福州 350001)
Advances of Quantitative Evaluation Studies of Artificial Precipitation Enhancement in China
WANG Fei,LI Jiming,YAO Zhanyu,LI Dequan,LI Jianjun
(Key Laboratory for Cloud Physics of China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081; State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081; 3D Space Software Co., Ltd., Fuzhou 350001)
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本文已被:浏览 349次   下载 1575
投稿时间:2021-04-23    修订日期:2022-03-04
中文摘要: 如何评判人工播云效果一直以来是人工影响天气科研试验和业务工作的核心问题。本文总结了近年来我国人工增雨作业效果定量评估研究进展,从定量评估概念、常用方法、影响因素、存在问题等方面进行了系统性介绍。在分析各地已开展的人工增雨定量评估结果的基础上,从多方面探讨了未来作业效果定量评估技术的研究目标和发展方向,为人工影响天气作业效果评估相关科研与业务工作提供帮助与建议。
Abstract:How to evaluate the cloud seeding effect is a key issue of weather modification activities. This paper summarizes the quantitative evaluation studies of artificial precipitation enhancement in China in recent years. The concept, approach, impact factors, and disadvantages of quantitative evaluation are systematically introduced. The increment rate in every literature is studied intensively to give a brief review on the quantitative evaluation of weather modification operations carried out in China. Moreover, some aspects for development and improvement of evaluation technology are discussed in detail to provide help and advice for future cloud seeding evaluation studies.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41375135)、国家重点研发计划(2016YFE0201900-3)、公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201406033)共同资助
引用文本:
王飞,李集明,姚展予,李德泉,李建军,2022.我国人工增雨作业效果定量评估研究综述[J].气象,48(8):945-962.
WANG Fei,LI Jiming,YAO Zhanyu,LI Dequan,LI Jianjun,2022.Advances of Quantitative Evaluation Studies of Artificial Precipitation Enhancement in China[J].Meteor Mon,48(8):945-962.