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气象:2021,47(9):1146-1155
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基于MICAPS4网络框架的气象预报服务一体化平台构建
田刚,胡争光,王丽,薛峰,车钦
(武汉中心气象台,武汉 430074;国家气象中心,北京 100081; 湖北省气象局,武汉 430074)
Construction of Integrated Meteorological Forecast Service Platform Based on MICAPS4 Web Framework
TIAN Gang,HU Zhengguang,WANG Li,XUE Feng,CHE Qin
(Wuhan Central Meteorological Observatory, Wuhan 430074; National Meteorological Centre, Beijing 100081; Hubei Meteorological Service, Wuhan 430074)
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投稿时间:2020-10-10    修订日期:2021-07-30
中文摘要: 基于国家气象中心MICAPS4网络平台框架,利用其有效对接全国综合气象信息共享系统(CIMISS)与气象信息综合分析处理系统第4版(MICAPS4)分布式数据库的优势,设计了湖北省气象预报服务一体化平台。平台集关注重点引导提醒、实况监测共享查询、气候特征对比分析、天气预报综合分析、服务产品关联检索、产品制作及一键分发、专业服务场景应用和信息数据系统管理为一体,采用了气象大数据的集约应用、工作引导的规则匹配、产品自动生成的定制合成、服务响应反馈的协同联动等关键技术,实现了在湖北省、市、县三级气象部门业务中的稳定应用。应用结果表明,一体化平台的使用大幅提升了省、市、县气象预报服务的业务集约和服务协同水平,推进了信息传输、产品制作、服务分发、联动响应等各业务流程的规范建立。MICAPS4网络框架在湖北一体化平台建设的成功实践,为国内省级气象部门及时跟踪国家级技术发展,开展大数据应用场景下的气象业务系统建设提供了一条验之有效的可选途径。
Abstract:The Hubei Meteorological Forecast Service Integration Platform is designed and developed based on the MICAPS4 Web Platform developed by National Meteorological Centre, which can effectively connect China Integrated Meteorological Information Sharing System (CIMISS) and the distributed database of Meteorology Information Comprehensive Analysis Process System version 4 (MICAPS4). The platform integrates guidance and warning of primary focus, sharing and enquiry of real-time monitoring, comparative analysis of climate characteristics, comprehensive analysis of weather forecast, associative retrieval of service products, product generation and one-click distribution, application of professional service and management of information data system. The platform adopts key technologies including intensive application of meteorological big data, rule matching of work guidance, customized synthesis of automatic product generation and collaborative linkage of service response feedback. The platform has helped to realize the stable application in the three-level meteorological departments of the cities and counties in Hubei Province. The application results show that the integrated platform has greatly improved the level of business intensification and service collaboration of meteorological forecast service in provinces, cities and counties, promoting the establishment of the specifications of various operational processes including information transmission, product manufacture, service distribution and linkage response. The successful practice of applying MICAPS4 web framework to the establishment of the integrated platform of meteorological forecast service in Hubei Province has provided an effective alternative for the domestic provincial meteorological departments to follow the state-level technological development in time and carry out the construction of meteorological operation system under the big data application scenario.
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基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2018YFE0196000)、国家自然科学基金项目(51709218)、中国气象局“2017年山洪地质灾害防治气象保障工程建设”、 湖北省鄂发改审批服务(2017)45号项目、湖北省财政项目(2018-685-001-001)、中国长江电力股份有限公司项目(2418020001、2414010001)共同资助
引用文本:
田刚,胡争光,王丽,薛峰,车钦,2021.基于MICAPS4网络框架的气象预报服务一体化平台构建[J].气象,47(9):1146-1155.
TIAN Gang,HU Zhengguang,WANG Li,XUE Feng,CHE Qin,2021.Construction of Integrated Meteorological Forecast Service Platform Based on MICAPS4 Web Framework[J].Meteor Mon,47(9):1146-1155.