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气象:2021,47(7):773-780
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顾震潮先生在中国天气学研究中的创新思想与对建立中国现代天气预报业务的贡献
丁一汇
(国家气候中心,北京 100081)
Mr. Gu Zhenchao’s Innovative Thoughts in Chinese Synoptic Meteorology Research and His Contributions to the Establishment of Modern Weather Forecasting Services in China
DING Yihui
(National Climate Centre, Beijing 100081)
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投稿时间:2021-03-22    修订日期:2021-04-27
中文摘要: 2020年是顾震潮先生诞辰百年。顾震潮先生是现代中国天气学的主要奠基人和创建人之一,对中国天气学研究和现代天气预报业务做出了杰出的贡献。他有着深厚的天气学研究理论基础,善于从复杂的天气现象中抓住本质,并洞悉当时气象科学的世界前沿与天气预报业务的发展方向,在洋为中用的同时立足中国实际,创造性地解决中国的天气学理论和实际问题,提出了不少有创见的观点和事实。他还将科研成果进一步应用于业务预报实践,有力地推动了中国天气预报业务的发展和现代化进程。文章从七个方面回顾和梳理了顾震潮先生在中国天气学方面的卓著贡献,以此纪念和缅怀。
Abstract:The year 2020 is the centenary of Mr. Gu Zhenchao’s birth. Mr. Gu was one of the main foun-ders and creators of modern Chinese synoptic meteorology, having made outstanding contributions to Chinese synoptic research and modern weather forecasting operation. He had a profound theoretical foundation of meteorological research, good at grasping the essence from complex weather phenomena, and had insight into the world frontiers and the development direction of weather forecasting operations at that time. He adapted the western synoptic theory and research results to Chinese actual needs, managing to work out the creative solutions to the theoretical and practical problems of synoptic science in China and putting forward many original ideas and facts. He also further applied scientific research results to the operational forecasting practice, which effectively promoted the development and modernization of China’s weather forecasting services. This article reviews and sorts out Mr. Gu Zhenchao’s outstanding contributions to Chinese synoptic meteorology from seven aspects in order to commemorate and remember him.
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丁一汇,2021.顾震潮先生在中国天气学研究中的创新思想与对建立中国现代天气预报业务的贡献[J].气象,47(7):773-780.
DING Yihui,2021.Mr. Gu Zhenchao’s Innovative Thoughts in Chinese Synoptic Meteorology Research and His Contributions to the Establishment of Modern Weather Forecasting Services in China[J].Meteor Mon,47(7):773-780.