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气象:2021,47(3):261-273
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爆发性气旋的前世今生
傅刚,陈莅佳,李鹏远,庞华基,张树钦
(中国海洋大学海洋气象学系,青岛 266100; 青岛市气象局,青岛 266003; 广东海洋大学海洋与气象学院,广东湛江 524088)
Explosive Cyclones: Past, Present, and Future
FU Gang,CHEN Lijia,LI Pengyuan,PANG Huaji,ZHANG Shuqin
(Department of Marine Meteorology, Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266100; Qingdao Meteorological Bureau, Qingdao 266003; College of Oceanography and Meteorology, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524088)
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投稿时间:2021-02-01    修订日期:2021-03-02
中文摘要: 温带气旋是中纬度地区每日天气舞台上最重要的“演员”。在秋冬季节的中高纬度海洋上有一类快速发展的温带气旋——“爆发性气旋”,尚未受到公众的广泛关注。文章围绕这一主题,首先回顾了温带气旋研究的历史,介绍了“爆发性气旋”这一术语产生的渊源,并对多位学者给出的爆发性气旋定义进行了系统梳理,重点介绍了一个考虑风速影响的、修正的爆发性气旋定义,还总结了爆发性气旋的研究现状,最后对其未来数十年的研究前景进行了阐述展望。
Abstract:Extratropical cyclones are the most important “actors” in the daily weather stage in mid-latitude region. In autumn-winter season, a great number of rapidly intensifying extratropical cyclones occur over the mid- and high-latitude oceans, termed as “explosive cyclones”, which have received less public attention. Regarding to the theme “explosive cyclone”, this paper firstly reviews the historical background of researching extratropical cyclone, and then introduces the origin of the term “explosive cyclone”. The definitions of explosive cyclones given by several scholars are systematically analyzed. A modified definition of explosive cyclone considering the influence of strong winds is emphatically introduced. In addition, the current research status of explosive cyclones is summarized systematically. Finally, the future outlook of explosive cyclone study in next few decades is prospected.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41775042)资助
引用文本:
傅刚,陈莅佳,李鹏远,庞华基,张树钦,2021.爆发性气旋的前世今生[J].气象,47(3):261-273.
FU Gang,CHEN Lijia,LI Pengyuan,PANG Huaji,ZHANG Shuqin,2021.Explosive Cyclones: Past, Present, and Future[J].Meteor Mon,47(3):261-273.