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气象:2019,45(3):297-304
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太阳活动对地球气候和天气的影响
丁一汇
(国家气候中心, 北京 100081)
Effect of Solar Activity on Earth’s Climate and Weather
DING Yihui
(National Climate Centre, Beijing 100081)
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本文已被:浏览 1276次   下载 1794
投稿时间:2019-02-25    修订日期:2019-03-04
中文摘要: 本文介绍近年来太阳活动对地球气候和天气影响方面的主要研究成果。包括四个关键的问题:(1)太阳活动与地球系统的能量收支;(2)太阳活动对地球气候的影响(包含气候变化、温室效应、火山);(3)太阳活动对季风和天气的影响与(4)太阳活动的变化会造成地球的长期寒冷气候吗?通过对上述问题的阐述,可以深入认识太阳活动对地球气候和天气影响的事实与机理,以及对未来地球气候可能变化的前景,从而为认识地球气候和天气变化的原因和驱动力提供更全面、更深刻的认识。
Abstract:In this paper, the main research achievements about the influence of solar activity on the climate and weather of the earth are introduced. Four key issues are discussed, which are: (1) solar activity and the energy budget of the earth system; (2) impact of solar activity on the earth’s climate, including climate change, greenhouse effect and volcanoes; (3) effect of solar activity on monsoon and weather; and (4) whether changes of solar activity will cause long term cold climate of the earth. The elaboration to these issues is helpful for deeply understanding the fact and mechanism of the influence of solar activity on the climate and weather of the earth, and also the prospect of the possible changes of the earth’s climate in the future. Thus, I hope this paper could present a more comprehensive and profound understanding of the causes and driving forces of climate and weather change on the earth.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41790471)资助
引用文本:
丁一汇,2019.太阳活动对地球气候和天气的影响[J].气象,45(3):297-304.
DING Yihui,2019.Effect of Solar Activity on Earth’s Climate and Weather[J].Meteor Mon,45(3):297-304.