###
气象:2017,43(1):115-121
本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
2016年夏季我国东部降水异常特征及成因简析
(国家气候中心,中国气象局气候研究开放实验室,北京 100081)
Analysis of the Characteristics and Causes of Precipitation Anomalies over Eastern China in the Summer of 2016
(Laboratory for Climate Studies, National Climate Centre, CMA, Beijing 100081)
摘要
图/表
参考文献
相似文献
本文已被:浏览 1715次   下载 1320
投稿时间:2016-10-13    修订日期:2016-11-09
中文摘要: 2016年夏季(6—8月),我国东部降水呈南、北两条多雨带,长江中下游和华北大部降水均较常年同期明显偏多。其中,6—7月的降水主要发生在长江流域,而8月发生显著转折,除了华南地区降水偏多外,我国东部大部地区降水都较常年同期明显偏少。6—7月长江流域的降水偏多主要是受到偏强、偏西的西太平洋副热带高压(以下简称副高)的影响,副高脊线位置总体接近常年,但南北摆动较大,阶段性偏南对应了长江流域降水明显偏多的时段。同时,菲律宾附近低层异常反气旋环流导致来自副高西侧的水汽通量异常辐合区主要位于长江中下游。热带印度洋全区一致暖海温在超强El Ni〖AKn~D〗o衰减年的持续发展是导致上述环流异常的重要外强迫因子。8月,副高发生断裂,西北太平洋对流层低层转为异常气旋性环流控制,水汽输送异常辐散区控制我国东部大部地区,长江流域持续高温少雨。8月的热带大气季节内振荡(Madden Julian Oscillation,MJO)活动偏强,MJO东传至西太平洋并持续长达25 d,为历史少见。异常的MJO活动是导致8月热带和副热带大气发生转折的重要原因。
Abstract:Two rainfall belts were observed over eastern China during the summer of 2016, with the southern one in the Yangtze River Valley (YRV) and the northern one over North China. In June and July, precipitation occurred mainly in the YRV. In August, however, precipitation was below normal in most part of eastern China, except for more precipitation over South China. The more intensified and more westward extending west Pacific subtropical high (WPSH) was one of the most important circulation factors for the southern rainfall belt over the YRV in June and July. The mean position of the high ridge was near normal. However, the high ridge retreated southward sometimes, causing more precipitation over the YRV during that time. The associated anomalous low level Philippine Sea anticyclone resulted in anomalous convergence of moisture flux over the middle and lower reaches of the YRV. Moreover, the persistent warming in the entire basin of the tropical Indian Ocean during the decaying year of extremely strong El Ni〖AKn~D〗o event acted as the important external forcing factor for the above tropical and subtropical circulation anomalies. In August, however, the WPSH fractured. Anomalous low level cyclonic circulation controlled the northwestern Pacific, which caused anomalous divergence of moisture flux over most part of eastern China. Therefore, high temperature and little precipitation occurred in the middle and lower reaches of the YRV. Further analysis indicated that the unusually active Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO) in August was the important cause for the significant turning of the tropical and subtropical circulations. MJO transmitted eastward to the western Pacific and stayed there for 25 days, which is seldom seen in history.
文章编号:     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:中国气象局预报预测核心业务发展专项(CMAHX20160401)、国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2013CB430203)、公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY200906016、GYHY201406001和GYHY201306033)及国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130960)共同资助
引用文本:
袁媛,高辉,柳艳菊,2017.2016年夏季我国东部降水异常特征及成因简析[J].气象,43(1):115-121.
YUAN Yuan,GAO Hui,LIU Yanju,2017.Analysis of the Characteristics and Causes of Precipitation Anomalies over Eastern China in the Summer of 2016[J].Meteor Mon,43(1):115-121.