###
气象:2016,42(5):557-566
本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
基于物理量参数的江苏短时强降水预报模型的研究
(1.南京市气象局,南京 210009;2.江苏省气象台,南京 210008;3.江苏省气象信息中心,南京 210008;4.江苏省气象服务中心,南京 210008)
Research of Flash Heavy Rain Forecast Model in Jiangsu Based on Physical Parameters
(1.Nanjing Meteorological Bureau, Nanjing 210009;2.Jiangsu Meteorological Observatory, Nanjing 210008;3.Jiangsu Meteorological Information Center, Nanjing 210008;4.Jiangsu Meteorological Service Center, Nanjing 210008)
摘要
图/表
参考文献
相似文献
本文已被:浏览 1187次   下载 1102
投稿时间:2015-06-11    修订日期:2016-02-02
中文摘要: 本文利用2004—2013年6—8月江苏省三个常规探空站(徐州、射阳、南京)的逐日高空探测资料,计算了51个物理量参数。在物理量参数与短时强降水事件(观测时刻后0~6 h内出现的短时强降水天气)相关系数的显著性检验基础上,根据物理量参数在短时强降水样本和非短时强降水样本中值域分布特征,最终选定了具有预报意义的16个物理量参数。通过分析不同类型物理量参数对短时强降水天气的指示作用,根据各物理量参数在各月短时强降水事件中的阈值,确定了江苏短时强降水预报的判定指标。采用隶属函数转换法,建立江苏夏季短时强降水预报模型,经实况拟合检验,效果良好。
Abstract:Fifty one physical parameters are calculated by using upper sounding data from the Xuzhou, Sheyang and Nanjing Stations from June to August in 2004-2013. Based on the significance test of the correlation coefficient between physical parameters and flash heavy rain events (flash heavy rain that occurred after 0-6 h of the observation time) and the analysis of numerical distribution of physical parameters in the flash heavy rain samples and the non flash heavy rain samples, 16 physical parameters of prediction are selected finally. Through analyzing the indication to the flash heavy rain events of different types of physical parameters, and according to the different threshold of physical parameters in each month, different criteria for the flash heavy rain events are determined respectively. 〖JP2〗Thus, the flash heavy rain〖JP〗 forecast model for summer short time heavy rains in Jiangsu is established by the membership function conversion method. The fitting test and forecasting test of the forecast model are verified, and the results are good.
文章编号:     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:江苏省科委科技支撑计划社会发展项目(BE2011818)和中国气象局关键技术集成与应用项目(CMAGJ2014Z02)共同资助
引用文本:
沈澄,孙燕,魏晓奕,尹东屏,2016.基于物理量参数的江苏短时强降水预报模型的研究[J].气象,42(5):557-566.
SHEN Cheng,SUN Yan,WEI Xiaoyi,YIN Dongping,2016.Research of Flash Heavy Rain Forecast Model in Jiangsu Based on Physical Parameters[J].Meteor Mon,42(5):557-566.