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气象:2016,42(3):261-270
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云南夏季降水量在21世纪初的突变减少及原因分析
(1.中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室(LASG), 北京 100029;2.云南省气象科学研究所,昆明 650034)
Abrupt Decrease of Yunnan Summer Rainfall in the Early 21st Century and Its Possible Reasons
(1.State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, 〓Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029;2.Meteorological Science Institute of Yunnan Province, Kunming 650034)
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投稿时间:2016-02-29    修订日期:2016-03-03
中文摘要: 利用1960—2013年云南125个台站观测资料和美国环境预报中心/国家大气研究中心再分析资料,以及1960—2013年美国国家海洋和大气管理局(NOAA)提供的逐月平均全球海表温度资料,分析了云南地区降水量变化的特征以及与之相关联的大气环流背景场。分析结果表明:云南降水量在2002年发生了一次显著减少的突变,而这次突变主要是由于夏季降水的明显减少而形成的。进一步的分析揭示了该地区夏季降水减少主要与印度洋热带赤道地区低层东风加强和高空西风加强有关,亚洲地区中高纬度温度的升高也对该地区夏季降水量显著减少有重要作用。
Abstract:Based on the observation data from 125 stations in Yunnan Province, the reanalysis data from National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research and the monthly extended reconstructed sea surface temperature data from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in 1960-2013, the variation of the Yunnan rainfall and its related atmospheric circulation were analyzed. Major results are as follows: Yunnan rainfall experienced an abrupt decrease in 2002, which is mainly attributed to the notable reduction of Yunnan summer rainfall. Further analyses verified that the prominent decrease in Yunnan summer rainfall seems to be related to the intensified easterly of lower troposphere and strengthened westerly of upper troposphere over tropical Indian Ocean. Besides, the increasing temperature of the Asia continent in middle and high latitudes also play an important role in the abrupt decrease of Yunnan summer rainfall.
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基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(41375069、41490642和41205067)共同资助
引用文本:
肖子牛,石文静,段玮,2016.云南夏季降水量在21世纪初的突变减少及原因分析[J].气象,42(3):261-270.
XIAO Ziniu,SHI Wenjing,DUAN Wei,2016.Abrupt Decrease of Yunnan Summer Rainfall in the Early 21st Century and Its Possible Reasons[J].Meteor Mon,42(3):261-270.