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气象:2014,40(12):1450-1506
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“14·02”湖南三次雨雪过程对比分析
(1.湖南省气象台,长沙 410118;2.怀化市气象台,怀化 418000)
Diagnostic Analysis of Three Rain and Snow Processes in Hunan in February 2014
(1.Hunan Meteorological Observatory, Changsha 410118;2.Huaihua Meteorological Observatory of Hunan, Huaihua 418000)
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投稿时间:2014-04-16    修订日期:2014-09-15
中文摘要: 本文利用常规探空和地面观测资料、NCEP 1.0×1.0再分析资料及多普勒雷达资料,对2014年2月上中旬发生在湖南的三次雨雪过程(简称“14·02”)进行了对比分析。结果表明:(1) 第一次过程湘南出现冻雨,温度层结表现为850~700 hPa 有明显逆温层,700 hPa温度高于0℃,850和925 hPa温度低于-4℃,地面温度低于0℃。从主要影响系统配置来看,700 hPa强盛的西南急流为水汽的输送和湘南融化层的形成和维持起到了重要作用,低层冷空气受南岭山脉阻挡而形成的地面静止锋和深厚的冷垫是导致湘南冻雨较长时间维持的原因。(2) 第二、三次过程以降雪为主,温度层结显示地面温度0℃左右,地面以上层次温度低于0℃。(3) 第三次雨雪强度最强,暖湿空气沿锋面强迫抬升,在低层冷空气共同作用下,导致较强雨雪天气的发生。雷达回波显示强降雪过程具有积层混合性降水回波及低质心高效降水回波特征。
Abstract:Using conventional sounding data, surface observation data, NCEP 1.0×1.0 reanalysis data and Doppler radar data, three times of rain and snow processes in Hunan in early February 2014 are analyzed. The results show that (1) the first process is a freezing rain process in southern Hunan, which is characterized by obvious inversion layer between 700 hPa and 850 hPa. The temperature at 700 hPa is above 0℃, but at 850 hPa and 925 hPa it is below -4℃ while the ground temperature is below 0℃. From the perspective of main system configuration, strong southwest jet at 700 hPa plays an important role in water vapor transmission and the formation of melting layer. A stationary front and deep cold pad which is comprised of the cold air blocked by Nanling Mountains, are the causes for the long lasting southern Hunan freezing rain. (2) The second and third processes are snow based processes with surface temperature around 0℃, and the temperature above surface is lower than 0℃. (3) The third process of rain/snow is the heaviest. Warm moist air rises along the front, and low level cold air results in this severe rain and snow process. Radar echo of this process has the characteristics of mixed echo of cumulus and stratus as well as low centroid high efficient precipitation feature.
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基金项目:公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY 201306016)和中国气象局关键技术集成项目(CMAGJ2014M37)共同资助
引用文本:
姚蓉,唐佳,唐明晖,陈红专,杨云芸,2014.“14·02”湖南三次雨雪过程对比分析[J].气象,40(12):1450-1506.
YAO Rong,TANG Jia,TANG Minghui,CHEN Hongzhuan,YANG Yunyun,2014.Diagnostic Analysis of Three Rain and Snow Processes in Hunan in February 2014[J].Meteor Mon,40(12):1450-1506.