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气象:2011,37(3):257-262
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全球变暖背景下的气候服务
Climate Service Under Climate Warming Background
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投稿时间:2011-02-14    修订日期:2011-03-03
中文摘要: 气候与人的关系密不可分。气候学本身就是人类认识自然、利用气候的科学。最近五十多年,地球气候明显地受到了人类活动的影响,而变化的气候又通过各种途径影响人类的生产和生活。21世纪人类必须高度重视并积极应对气候变化及与其相伴随的各种极端天气气候事件。通过进一步加强气候监测,加强气候科学研究和模式研发,迅速提升气候预测能力,并通过加强建立与用户之间的伙伴关系,建立气候服务系统,从而不断提高服务水平,以适应日趋严峻的气候变化。
Abstract:Climate and human are closely related in essence. Human society has a long history of adaptation to the earth climate. Climatology is a science of humankind understanding the nature and applying climate resource. Since the late 1950s, global climate has been very likely impacted by human being. Further, changing climate influences human life and production through a series of complicated processes. It should be alerted that in the 21st century we should actively cope with climate change and its associated with the extreme weather and climate events. It is urgent to further enhance climate system observation and monitoring, to conduct climate research and model development to enhance climate prediction capability. More importantly, it is necessary to establish a climate service system through close cooperation with sector users in order to adapt to increasingly serious climate change and climate variability.
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基金项目:本文得到中国气象科学研究院基本科研业务费重点项目(2010Z001)资助
引用文本:
翟盘茂,2011.全球变暖背景下的气候服务[J].气象,37(3):257-262.
ZHAI Panmao,2011.Climate Service Under Climate Warming Background[J].Meteor Mon,37(3):257-262.