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气象:2010,36(7):75-80
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国家级农业气象业务技术综述
(国家气象中心, 北京 100081)
Overview of National Level Agrometeorological Operational Techniques
(National Meteorological Center, Beijing 100081)
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投稿时间:2010-01-30    修订日期:2010-06-25
中文摘要: 国家级农业气象业务经过近50年的发展,服务领域不断拓展,已形成包括农业气象情报、作物产量预报、农业气象灾害监测预警与评估、生态气象监测评估、农用天气预报等系列服务,其业务技术以指标为基础,以遥感和GIS等技术为支撑,发展了指标评判、统计分析预报、模型模拟、综合集成等技术,满足了不同服务对象对业务的需求。未来农业气象业务将更加规范、精细、定量。
Abstract:In the recent 50 years, national level agrometeorological operation is developed and its domain of service also constantly expanded. The series service is formed, which includes agrometeorological information, crop yield and output forecasting, agrometeorological disaster monitoring, warning and assessing, ecological meteorological monitoring and agricultural weather forecast. The operational techniques are based on indices and supported by remote sensing and GIS. The techniques of index discrimination, statistic analyses and prediction,model simulation and comprehensive integration etc. are developed, for meeting the demands of agrometeorological service . In the future, agrometeorological operation will be more conformed to the standard, and will be more accurate and quantitative.
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基金项目:公益性行业科研专项“精细化农业气候区划及其应用系统研究(GYHY200706007)”和“农用天气预报关键技术研究(GYHY200906021)”资助
引用文本:
毛留喜,吕厚荃,2010.国家级农业气象业务技术综述[J].气象,36(7):75-80.
MAO Liuxi,LV Houquan,2010.Overview of National Level Agrometeorological Operational Techniques[J].Meteor Mon,36(7):75-80.