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气象:2007,33(11):82-86
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鲁西南雾的统计特征
(1.南京信息工程大学,210044;2.山东菏泽市气象局)
Statistic Characteristic Analysis of Fog in Southwest Shandong Province
(1.Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, 21 0044;2. Heze Meteorological Office, Shangdong Province;3.Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, 210044)
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投稿时间:2007-02-07    修订日期:2007-09-06
中文摘要: 利用鲁西南地区9站1971—2000年30年的地面观测资料,对该地区雾发生演变的 气候学、天气学特征进行了统计分析。结果表明,该地区是雾多发区,存在北多南少的分布 特征;其季节变化和日变化明显,每年10月至次年2月2—12时是雾集中出现的时段;鲁西南 雾存在NNW—SSE的主导风向和-3℃~2℃的温度窗区,雾频率最高;总结了产生雾的4种典型天 气形势供短期天气预报参考。
中文关键词:   气候学  统计特征
Abstract:By using the observation data of 9 stations in South w est Shandong Province from 1971 to 2000, the climatology and weather statistic characteristics of fog are analyzed.The result shows that this region is a high incidence area for fog, and the distribution features are that there are more fogs in the north tha n in the south. The seasonal and daily variation are obvious, the key generation per i od of fog is between 2:00 and 12:00 from Oct. to Feb. of the next year. There ar e two leading wind directions of NNW and SSE and a temperature window from -3 ℃ to 2℃ in south west Shandong Province, when the fog frequency is the highes t. 4 typical weather conditions of fog for short range weather forecast are give n. It’s useful to fog forecast.
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张宗灏,王咏青,2007.鲁西南雾的统计特征[J].气象,33(11):82-86.
Zhang Zonghao,Wang Yongqing,2007.Statistic Characteristic Analysis of Fog in Southwest Shandong Province[J].Meteor Mon,33(11):82-86.