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气象:2002,28(4):29-33
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2001年我国天气气候特点
(国家气候中心,北京 100081)
Features of Weather/Climate over China in 2001
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中文摘要: 2001年我国主要天气气候特点为:全国大部地区降水偏少或接近常年,四季均出现不同程度的干旱,特别是北方地区的春夏旱和长江中下游地区的夏伏旱及我国东部地区的秋旱影响较大;汛期我国未发生大范围的暴雨洪涝灾害,但两广局地受灾较重;华西秋雨明显。全国大部气温普遍较常年偏高,东北出现异常寒冬,夏季不少地区出现高温酷热天气;新疆、内蒙古冬季发生严重雪灾;风沙和沙尘暴天气出现早、次数多;登陆我国的台风(包括热带风暴)个数偏多;风雹等强对流天气接近常年。
Abstract:The chief climate characteristics in 2001 are showed as follows: in most areas, the annual precipitation was less than or near the normal. Droughts appeared in varying degrees in the seasons, especially the spring through summer drought in the northern part of China, and the summer drought in the middle and lower reaches of the Changjiang River, and the autumn drought in the eastern part of China. The droughts heavily influenced the agricultural production. In the flood season, no heavy rainfall and floods happened in extensive regions. In fall, continuous rain appeared in the eastern part of Southwest China evidently. Annual mean temperature was higher than normal in most areas,the unusual severe winter appeared in Northeast China, and the scorching days appeared continuously in most areas in summer. The typhoons landed more than normal,the windy and dusty weather appeared earlier and frequent, the severe snow disaster occurred in Xingjiang and Inner Monglia provinces, strong convectional weather such as hails and tornadoes occurred near the normal.
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引用文本:
陈峪,2002.2001年我国天气气候特点[J].气象,28(4):29-33.
,2002.Features of Weather/Climate over China in 2001[J].Meteor Mon,28(4):29-33.