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气象:1995,21(12):8-12
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归一化植被指数与降水量、土壤湿度的关系
The Relationship, between NDVI and Precipitation and Soil Moisture
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中文摘要: 归一化植被指数(NDVI)是描述植被绿度及生长状况的指数,由于植被生长依赖于环境条件,因此NDVI与环境参量(降水量、土壤湿度等)的关系是应用NDVI监测环境状况的基础。分别应用位于中国北部的干旱及半干旱地区的降水量资料对NDVI与降水量之间的关系进行了分析,结果表明仅在干旱及半干旱地区生长季末的累积降水量与累积NDVI(及最大NDVI)存在着显著的非线性关系,相关系数为0.78(及0.80)。在此同时,经对位于中国华北、西南地区6个站的0-50cm平均土壤绝对湿度的累积值与NDVI的相关分析,发现在生长季中期(6-8月),累积NDVI(及最大NDVI)与0-50cm平均土壤绝对湿度的累积值之间存在着比较明显的非线性关系,相关系数为0.60-0.65(及0.60-0.63)。
Abstract:The relationship between the normalitied difference vegetation index(NDVI)and precipita-tion is analysed, using the precipitation data in the arid and semi-arid region in the north of China. The result shows that the nonlinear relationship between cumulative NDVI (and maximumNDVI) by the end of growing season and the cumulative precipitation is significant. Its correlation coefficient is 0.78; In Huabei and Southwest China,the relationship between cumulative NDVI (and maximum NDVI) in the medium of growing season and the absolute moisture in 0-50cm soil layer is nonlinear. Its correlation coefficient is 0.60-0.65 (0.60-0.63).
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普布次仁,1995.归一化植被指数与降水量、土壤湿度的关系[J].气象,21(12):8-12.
,1995.The Relationship, between NDVI and Precipitation and Soil Moisture[J].Meteor Mon,21(12):8-12.