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国产海洋气象漂流观测仪在台风观测中的应用分析
曹晓钟1, 李肖霞1, 雷勇1, 温华洋2, 王榭3
(1.中国气象局气象探测中心;2.安徽省气象信息中心;3.成都信息工程大学)
Typhoon Observation and Analysis of Domestic Marine Meteorological Drift Buoy Experiment
Cao Xiaozhong1, Li Xiaoxia1, Lei Yong1, Wen huayang2, Wang Xie3
(1.Meteorological Observation Center of CMA;2.Anhui meteorological Information Centre;3.Chengdu University of Information Technology)
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投稿时间:2018-03-26    修订日期:2019-05-10
中文摘要: 本文介绍了由我国自主研制的、基于北斗导航通信卫星的、集海洋水文要素和气象要素一体观测的、在恶劣海况条件下能进行连续、可靠、准确观测的海洋气象漂流观测仪,以及在多个海域开展实际的外海观测试验情况。2017年8月20日-9月5日,三台漂流观测仪在广东博贺海洋气象综合试验基地,经历了2017年第13号台风天鸽和第14号台风帕卡两次台风天气过程。对试验期间获取的台风天气过程中气温、气压、海温等观测数据的分析表明,漂流观测仪所获得的观测数据与相关国家级业务观测站点的观测数据具有较好的相关性,揭示了台风天气过程的明显特征,并表现出合理的、清晰的日变化特征。上述试验表明,国产海洋气象漂流观测仪已具备在恶劣海况下进行实际观测的能力。
中文关键词: 漂流观测仪  海洋气象  浮标  台风观测
Abstract:This study introduces a marine meteorological drifting observer independently developed by our country. This instrument is a kind of observational equipment drifting withStheSocean current, and can realize the observation of ocean meteorological elements (air temperature, pressure, wind speed and direction) and ocean hydrological elements (sea surface temperature, seawater salinity), and up to now the observation test have been carried out in a number of sea area.SIn 2017, fromSAugust 20thStoSSeptember 5th, three drifting observers wereSplaced in Guangdong Bohe test base for observingStest, one on the shore,Sand the otherStwo in the offshoreSseas. During the trial, the 13thSTyphoonSHatoSand the 14thSTyphoon PakharSofS2017Shit the area. The data analysis shows that the drifting observer data has a good correlation with the data fromSthe national business observation sites. During the experiment, the drifting observer obtained the observation data of air temperature, pressure and sea temperatureSinSthe period of typhoon weather,Swhich hadSobvious characteristics of typhoon weather process, and showed a reasonable and apparentSdiurnal variationScharacteristic.
文章编号:201803260136     中图分类号:    文献标志码:
基金项目:国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项
引用文本:
曹晓钟,李肖霞,雷勇,温华洋,王榭,0.[en_title][J].Meteor Mon,():-.
Cao Xiaozhong,Li Xiaoxia,Lei Yong,Wen huayang,Wang Xie,0.Typhoon Observation and Analysis of Domestic Marine Meteorological Drift Buoy Experiment[J].Meteor Mon,():-.